Diabetic, Diabetes or Diabetes mellitus is a diseases in which your body cannot regulate the level of sugar in your blood. Basically, the sugar you take in form of food is broken down in glucose. This glucose is then transferred in the blood to be circulated in the body. Glucose is the fuel of the cells so cell takes their fuel from your blood. In your body there is an organ known as pancreas, this organ maintain the glucose level in your blood by injecting sufficient amount of Insulin so that cells can use glucose properly for their fueling.
If pancreas becomes ineffective than sugar level become high and you know that over fuelling or lubricating will result in engine failure. But before engine fails completely there are symptoms that engine will going to be failed and this stage is known as Pre-Diabetes.
- Pre-Diabetes: What is Pre-Diabetes
As I write above that before complete failure engine shows some symptoms so same as in your body if your pancreas are on route for failure and not producing sufficient amount of insulin as required, your sugar level will increase from normal but not much high and this is the sign that you are going to be a diabetic (diabetes) patient sooner or later this is also called “impaired glucose tolerance” or “impaired fasting glucose”. You should seriously concentrate on losing weight and changing your life style.
There are two types of diabetes, which are
- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
1. Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is the complete failure of pancreas, in this your pancreas are unable to produce insulin to regulate sugar level in blood. The only cause which is understood is the genetic disorder and other causes are still not known. This can be most probably hit you after age of 30, but it can also hit you at any age. After getting in Type 1 diabetes you must use insulin by injecting in your skin to maintain sugar level in the blood.
2. Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is not a complete failure but can be called as complete disorder of sugar level in your glucose regulation system means no synchronization between the components of this system. In this your pancreas produces insulin, but your cell does not react to it and in result your sugar level become too high which lead to complications. This diabetic (diabetes) disease usually hit you over 35 year of age but can also hit in any age depending on your lifestyle, having junk food regularly, no exercise, genetics and increased age.
There is another special type of diabetic (diabetes) which is only related with pregnant woman and baby which is know as Gestational Diabetes:
- Gestational Diabetes:
Gestational Diabetes is just like Type 2 diabetes. In this your body’s glucose regulatory system becomes unsynchronized and your sugar level shoots up. This disease affects around 4~5 percent of all pregnant women, if not controlled serious complication will occurs which affects both you and your baby. This usually appears on the second trimester and disappears after the birth of the baby. Your doctor will guide you with medication, diet plan and some exercises. Gestational Diabetes will increase your chance of getting in Type 2 diabetes in life and also risk of getting in Gestational Diabetes in your next pregnancy.