Periodontitis, or gum disease, is a severe infection of the gums that causes damage to the gum tissue. Left untreated, it can damage the bone that supports your teeth and cause tooth loss. Being aware of the common causes of periodontal disease can help you avoid the condition.

1. Plaque

Plaque forms on the teeth when sugars and starches from food interact with bacteria in the mouth. Regular brushing can help reduce plaque and lower the chances of needing periodontal disease treatment Plainview NY.

2. Tartar

Tatar forms when plaque hardens under the gumline. You can not remove tartar by flossing and brushing and the longer it stays on your teeth, the more problems it can cause. Regular dental cleanings can help reduce tartar buildup on your teeth.

3. Gingivitis

Gingivitis is inflammation and irritation of the gum tissue around the bottom of your teeth. It is the least severe form of gum disease but when left untreated it can develop into periodontitis. Gingivitis can be treated with dental care and good oral hygiene.

4. Inflammation

Chronic inflammation of the gums can cause pockets to form between your teeth and gums. These pockets fill with tartar, plaque and bacteria. Over time, the pockets get larger and fill with more bacteria. This can lead to serious infections that can result in loss of tissue, bone and teeth. The inflammation also strains your immune system and can make you more susceptible to other diseases and infections.

5. Poor Oral Hygiene

Poor oral hygiene habits can lead to plaque, tartar and inflammation. You can reduce your chance of periodontal disease by brushing your teeth for two minutes at least twice every day and flossing once per day.

Many cases of periodontal disease are preventable with good oral hygiene and regular dental visits. Talk to your dentist about ways you can improve your oral hygiene habits.