Acne, Acne Vulgaris

What is Acne or Acne Vulgaris? A question asked by adolescents. According to statistics for Acne, 90% of young people and almost 25% of adults suffer from acne. Acne affects both genders around the world regardless of ethnicity. I’ll try to cover all the topics regarding acne one by one including development of Acne, causes of Acne, treatment of Acne, Acne tips and other topics related to this skin disease.

What is Acne, Acne Vulgaris?

Acne or Acne Vulgaris is a most common skin disease, This disease is a disorder of skin glands in which there is a reaction of hormones and other substance on the skin’s oil glands and hair follicles. This problem leads to blockage of skin pores which in results of Acne with whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, nodules and cysts.
Acne normally occurs on face, back, neck, chest and shoulders, acne is not a serious health problem but it may lead to emotional distress. Acne can also lead to permanent blemish in case of severe conditions.


Understanding Acne Development

Skin Pilosebaceous unit

In medical science acne is called as a disease of the Pilosebaceous Units (PSUs). Pilosebaceous Units is found in all of our skin, this Pilosebaceous Units are consisting of a Sebaceous gland connected to a canal which is known as Follicle having a thin hair. Pilosebaceous Units found in hug amount on face, neck, back and chest. The sebaceous glands make an oily substance which called sebum that is empted on the surface of your skin through the follicle or in general terms called pores. There are cells know as keratinocytes which are in line to follicle.


The sebum, hair and keratinocytes that fill up almost all the narrow follicle may produce a blockage due to dust particles or some other factors. This blockage of follicle prevents the sebum from reaching the skin surface. This blocked mixture of sebum and cells allows the bacteria known as Propionibacterium acnes to grow in the blocked follicles. This collection creates enzymes and chemicals which draw white blood cells causing inflammation, when the blocked follicles breaks down, it tip out everything into its surrounding skin which causes the pimples and some times nodules and cysts with certain conditions.

Acne Comedo
Acne Comedo

There are different types of problem found in acne, the basic one is called comedo (KOM-e-do) and also the most common one. Comedo (KOM-e-do) or whitehead is basically enlarged and blocked hair follicle, in which the comedo remains under the skin known as close comedo that produce a white bump or Whitehead. A comedo which remains open on the surface of skin called open comedo or Blackheads because of it black color appears black on skin surface. This is black in color due to change in the color of sebum air exposure, not due to dirt. Blackheads and Whiteheads may remains in skin for long period of time.

Related Topics:

What Is Acne? Understanding Acne development

What are the Causes of Acne?