Ear pain is the most common problem or better to say that ear pain is the indicator that there is something wrong in your ear. Ear pain may occur either due to causes in the ear or it may be due to causes somewhere else having same sensory nerve supply which is also the nerve of your ear, called Referred Otalgia (pain).
The causes of Ear pain in the ear may be either in your external ear or it may be in middle ear. The inner ear has no pain because your inner ear has no pain fibers, therefore diseases of inner ear are painless. The causes of ear pain are divided into External ear and middle ear.
The common causes of ear pain in external ear are as follows:
- Acute diffuse otitis externa
- Bullous myringitis
- Herpes zoster octicus
- Impacted Wax
- Malignant otitis externa
The common causes of ear pain in middle ear are as follows:
- Acute suppurative otitis media
- Acute on chronic otitis media
- CSOM with complications
- Mastoid abscess
- Otitis barotraumas
Ear Pain Referred Otalgia (Pain):
There are many people who are complaining ear pain but they have disease somewhere else. This is because of a sensory nerve which is common with ear and the diseased organ.
The ear have many branches of nerves such as facial, glossopharyngeal, trigeminal, vagus, auricular occipital nerves, if there is any problem or pain in any of these nerve will cause ear pain.
The causes of ear pain due to these nerves are:
- After operation of tonsillectomy
- After operation of adenoidectomy
- Dental disease
- Carcinoma of Pyriform
- PNS and Nasal disease
- Acute tonsillar abscess
- Ulcers in mouth and pharynx
- Cervical spondylosis
- Nasopharyngeal disease
- Temporo-mandibular joint dysfunction