Types of Heart Disease
Types of Heart Disease

Heart disease is one of the common disease in the US. There are more than 50 types of heart disease, these types include minor to life taking disease types. The most common types of Heart disease are as follows.

  • Coronary Artery Disease
  • Congenital Heart Disease
  • Irregular Heart Rhythm
  • Sudden Cardiac Death
  • Heart Attack
  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Heart Muscle Disease
  • Heart Valve Disease
  • Pericardial Effusion
  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  • Restrictive Cardiomyopathy
  • Marfan Syndrome
  • Pericarditis

What is Coronary Artery Disease?

The Coronary Artery Disease occur when your main blood vessels that provide blood, oxygen and essential nutrients to your heart become blocked or turbulence in blood supply of blood to your heart. This blocking or turbulence develops when cholesterol, scars tissues and calcium deposits in your artery.

When Coronary Artery Disease develops, it cause heart to receive less blood due to blocking and this get you in chest pain, breathiness problem and other symptoms. If artery completely blocked than you will have a Heart Attack.

This disease develops silently and on heart attack it comes on notice. You can prevent this disease by having a healthy and active lifestyle.

What is Congenital Heart Disease?

Congenital heart disease is a genetically disorder of heart in a child before born. In this disease there is abnormality in structure of heart. This disease is very fatal but thanks to the advancement in surgical treatment, this disease is become treatable now days and the survival rate from this disease become higher.

What is Irregular Heart Rhythm?

Irregular heart rhythm also called arrhythmia or dysrhythmia is a disease in which there is turbulence in heartbeats. This can occurred by coronary artery disease, changes in your heart muscle, heart attack injury, electrolyte imbalance in your blood or Healing process after you have heart surgery.

It is also possible that this Irregular heart rhythm can be occurred in normal healthy heats.

What is Sudden Cardiac Death?

Sudden cardiac death is an unexpected heart death or loss of heart factions. This occurs due to an electrical turbulence in your heart, this turbulence disturbs your heart pumping function which makes your heart stopping blood flow in your body.

Sudden cardiac death is not similar to heart attack but in some cases heart attack may initiate your heart electrical turbulence which can lead to sudden cardiac death. In case of this, if immediate medical treatment is provided than survival is possible.

What is Heart Attack?

Heart Attack is also called Myocardial infarction, this is mostly fatal. Heart attack occurs when there is a severe damage to your heart occurs or mostly in case your blood supply to heart become blocked and heart cannot pump the blood in to your body.

What is Atrial Fibrillation?

Atrial Fibrillation is an irregular heartbeat rate that cause reduced blood flow in your body. In this your upper to chambers beats irregularly, different from the lower heart chambers.

Atrial fibrillation is not a life taking disease but serious medial conditions will require immediate medical attention. The treatment for this disease required medications and other methods to interrupt your heart’s electrical system.

What is Heart Muscle Disease?

Heart Muscle Disease is also called Ventricular fibrillation, which disease occurs when your heart beat increases with electrical impulses which makes your heart chambers trembles unnecessarily with no pumping of blood. During this your blood pressure drops and blood supply to vital organs become disturbed.

This disease needs immediate medical attention because this disease collapse your system and you won’t able to breath and pulse become nil. Emergency treatment for this disease is shock to the heart with defibrillator and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

What is Heart Valve Disease?

There are several types of heart valve disease in which the two most common disease are

Valvular stenosis: This disease develops when your heart value opening become smaller in size than normal size because of fused leaflets or stiff ness. This makes your heart to pump the blood more difficulty which can cause heart failure.

Valvular insufficiency: This is also called incompetence or “leaky valve”. This develops when your one of the heart’s valve does not close properly. If the valves remain open, some of your blood will leak backwards from the valve. Your heart has to work hard to make up for the leaky valve, and less blood may flow to the rest of the body.

What is Pericardial Effusion?

Pericardial effusion is a disease in which your heart is covered with excess fluid. The heart is bonded by a new layer known as Pericardium and the fluid is in between these layers.

Pericardial effusion is associated with inflammation of pericardial which cause by injury or disease. Pericardial effusion may also develop without inflammation and deposit of blood after an injury or surgical procedure.

When space between these two layers of heart become full with fluids, it builds pressure on heart which makes your heart functions difficult. If proper medical treatment is not provided to the Pericardial effusion can cause heart failure or death.

What is Dilated Cardiomyopathy?

Dilated Cardiomyopathy is a heart muscle disease which affects your heart’s major pumping chamber called left ventricle. Due to this disease your left ventricle becomes enlarged and because of the enlargement your heart cannot pump the blood to your body properly and efficiently.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy can be fatal for some people because this disease did not showed up with symptoms. This disease is a major cause of heart failure in which the heart is unable to provide blood efficiently to your body organs and tissues, it may also make Irregular Heart Rhythm or sudden heart death. This disease can hit in all ages and it is found that it mostly hits in middle ages.

What is Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy?

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy disease makes your heart muscle abnormally thicker than the normal. This thickness of your heart muscle makes your heart muscle harder which makes your heart difficult to pump the blood. This disease also affects the electrical system of your heart.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy disease may showed up with the symptoms shortness of breath and with electrical system effected by this disease may cause fatal Irregular Heart Rhythm. In spite of this people with this disease lives with not much problems.

What is Restrictive Cardiomyopathy?

Restrictive Cardiomyopathy disease is very rear cardiomyopathy form, in this disease the wall of the lower chamber which is known as the ventricles of your heart lost its flexibility to expand when it receives the blood.

This hardness will make your heart difficult to pump the blood properly and efficiently which lead to the heart failure.

What is Marfan Syndrome?

Marfan Syndrome is a genetic disease which is inherited in you from your parents. This disease affects your connective tissues, which supports your organ and body structure. Marfan Syndrome may disturbs the developments and functionality of your body’s organ in which the most common is your heart, skeleton and eyes.

Marfan Syndrome is caused by a dominant gene in the development of a child, people with this problem are tall, thin, having long arms, legs, toes and fingers.

What is Pericarditis?

Pericarditis is disease in which irritation and inflammation of the pericardium occurs which is a thin membrane surrounding your heart. Pericarditis disease usually causes pain in your chest.

Pericarditis may develop slowly therefore this disease is recognized chronic. The pain in chest with this disease occurs when the inflammation layer rubs with the other layer of your heart. This disease may improve on its own but in sever cases immediate and heavy treatment is required to reduce the long term and permanent complications.

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